Video Captioning Glossary

Glossary

Closed Captions

  • Key element: CAN be toggled on/off 
  • Created AFTER a video is produced/recorded
  • Should be verbatim (Include stutters, filler words)
  • Will include sound effects and speaker identification when needed 
  • Turned on/off by program or television/hardware 

Live Captions

  • Key element: Captioning happens at the same time as speaking 
  • Transcriber is creating text in real-time and displaying that text to the user 
  • Can be verbatim or meaning for meaning depending on type of live captioning 

Subtitles

  • Key element: designed for language translation, NOT for people with hearing loss 
  • Can be a translation of what is being said from one language to another 
  • Does not necessarily include sound effects & speaker identification
  • Might be able to toggle on/off
  • Not controlled by the program or television/hardware, if on a DVD it is controlled by a DVD player 

Open captions

  • Key element: CANNOT be toggled on//off
  • Created AFTER a video is produced/recorded
  • Should be verbatim
  • Can include sound effects & speaker identification when needed 

Auto Generated Captions or Automatic Speech Recognition (ASR) Captions

  • Key element: captions created by a computer (artificial intelligence)
  • Not considered ADA compliant and are not adequate for use in a course where a student with a closed captioning accommodation is present
  • The ASR file should be edited and corrected before being used